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Auto Theft. Originally, the jurors were neighbourhood witnesses who passed judgment on the basis of what they themselves knew. The breakdown of medieval society and the growth of the towns changed the role of the jury, which came to be called upon to determine the facts of the case on the basis of the evidence presented in court. By the 15th century, nonrational modes of trial such as ordeal , in which the defendant was subjected to various tortures, were replaced by the jury trial, which became the established form of trial for both criminal and civil cases at common law.
Two forces extended the jury outside England. The expansion of the British Empire brought the jury to Asia, Africa, and the American continent, and the French Revolution and its aftermath brought the jury, as a symbol of popular government, to the European continent. Juries were first established in France itself; through Napoleon , the jury was introduced first in the Rhineland, then in Belgium, and finally in most of the remaining German states, Austria-Hungary, Russia , Italy , Switzerland, Holland, and Luxembourg.
In each of these countries, use of the jury was limited to trials of major crimes and of political crimes against the state. Beginning in the midth century, the jury was weakened in a variety of ways.
For example, in Prussia removed treason from its jurisdiction; in the duchy of Nassau removed all political crimes; in Czechoslovakia removed treason and, one year later, libel; in Hungary suspended trial by jury entirely and never restored it. Germany abandoned the jury in Both the Soviet bloc and the fascist states abolished it outright; France never restored the jury abolished during the German occupation in the s, and Japan did away with its short-lived jury courts in Thus, the history of the jury shows that the effort to introduce it outside the Anglo- American legal orbit largely failed.
In England its use was limited by statute to a small category of cases. Consequently, the United States emerged as the home of the jury system for both criminal and civil cases; more than 90 percent of all jury trials in the world occur in the United States. First, the defendant was 18 at the time of the crime, and second, there was intentional cause of death — called the threshold intent factors.
If the members of the jury decide these are proven beyond reasonable doubt, they move on to look at statutory aggravating factors the government has presented; for example, the crime committed was done in a heinous, cruel and depraved manner. The jury must unanimously decide at least one of these factors was proven. If so, non-statutory aggravating factors are taken into consideration, such as lack of remorse and victim impact.
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Again, the jury must unanimously decide at least one of these factors was proven. The jury does not have to unanimously decide whether or not these were proven beyond a reasonable doubt, instead they will tally up how many of the jurors believe each factor exists. All members must unanimously agree to impose a life sentence or a death sentence.
The jury is currently in deliberation and will continue until this unanimous decision has been made. A time estimate of how long this would take is unable to be made. The Daily Illini will continue to update as more information is available. Illinois outplays Hampton at home. Illinois seeks first bowl game bid since Bill proposes last daylight saving in Illinois.